Bridge Rectifiers

Bridge rectifiers are discrete semiconductors as they have a single semiconductor device i.e. a diode and are the opposite of an integrated circuit semiconductor which has various devices on a single piece of semiconductor. The diode bridge circuit was invented in 1895 and Leo Graetz designed a similar circuit so they can also be known as a Graetz circuit or Graetz bridge.
A bridge rectifier is built out of 4 or more diodes that are arranged in a specific configuration: the namesake bridge. This diode bridge is able to convert an input of alternating current (AC) into direct current (DC), a basic function for most electronic devices. It also provides the same output polarity for either input polarity. These devices work with a two-wire AC input, have two diode drops in their design and offer full wave rectification.
Bridge Rectifiers are commonly used in power supplies that provide necessary DC voltage for the electronic components or devices and are found in various applications such as home appliances and white merchandise. Also such devices are popular with electronic hobbyists who enjoy constructing circuits.
Rectifiers are usually classified into single phase and three phase, and then split again into uncontrolled, half controlled and full controlled rectifiers. They come in various package and mounting types including screw mount, surface mount and through hole.
Advantages of Bridge rectifiers
• A high peak inverse voltage (PIV) which is ideal for high voltage applications
• A high transformer utilisation factor
• Constructed with or without a transformer – does not need a centre tap transformer
Disadvantages of bridge rectifiers
• More expensive than other rectifiers as it requires four diodes
• Not ideal when a small voltage is required to be rectified
Since bridge rectifiers are discrete devices, some of them need to be purchased along with other devices to achieve the desired functionality for which they are intended. For some engineering needs, the ability to purchase discrete semiconductors makes prototyping and production affordable.

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Description Price Bridge Type Peak Average Forward Current Peak Reverse Repetitive Voltage Mounting Type Package Type Pin Count Diode Technology Diode Type Configuration Peak Non-Repetitive Forward Surge Current Maximum Operating Temperature Minimum Operating Temperature Peak Forward Voltage Peak Reverse Current
RS Stock No. 823-4078
Mfr. Part No.GBJ606-F
HK$11.60
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
Single Phase 6A 600V Through Hole GBJ 4 - - Single 170A +150 °C -65 °C 1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 121-9632
Mfr. Part No.GBJ606-F
HK$6.169
Each (In a Tube of 15)
units
Single Phase 6A 600V Through Hole GBJ 4 Silicon Junction - Single 170A +150 °C -65 °C 1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 751-3932
Mfr. Part No.DF01M
HK$2.61
Each (In a Pack of 25)
units
Single Phase 1A 100V Through Hole DF-M 4 - - Single 50A +150 °C -65 °C 1.1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 751-4468
Mfr. Part No.KBP210G
HK$4.236
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
Single Phase 2A 1000V Through Hole KBP 4 - - Single 65A +150 °C -65 °C 1.1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 823-4080
Mfr. Part No.GBU1002
HK$9.069
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
Single Phase 10A 200V Through Hole GBU 4 - - Single 220A +150 °C -55 °C 1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 146-0445
Mfr. Part No.KBP208G
HK$3.052
Each (In a Tube of 35)
units
Single Phase 2A 800V Through Hole KBP 4 Silicon Junction - Single 65A +150 °C -65 °C 1.1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 122-3288
Mfr. Part No.GBJ1006-F
HK$10.529
Each (In a Tube of 15)
units
Single Phase 10A 600V Through Hole GBJ 4 Silicon Junction - Single 170A +150 °C -65 °C 1.05V 500µA
RS Stock No. 885-5502
Mfr. Part No.KBP208G
HK$3.748
Each (In a Pack of 15)
units
Single Phase 2A 800V Through Hole KBP 4 - - Single 65A +150 °C -65 °C 1.1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 823-4065
Mfr. Part No.GBJ1006-F
HK$12.168
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
Single Phase 10A 600V Through Hole GBJ 4 - - Single 170A +150 °C -65 °C 1.05V 500µA
RS Stock No. 121-9556
Mfr. Part No.GBU1006
HK$9.233
Each (In a Tube of 20)
units
Single Phase 10A 600V Through Hole GBU 4 Silicon Junction - Single 220A +150 °C -55 °C 1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 751-4449
Mfr. Part No.GBU1006
HK$13.01
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
Single Phase 10A 600V Through Hole GBU 4 - - Single 220A +150 °C -55 °C 1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 122-3289
Mfr. Part No.GBU1002
HK$5.515
Each (In a Tube of 20)
units
Single Phase 10A 200V Through Hole GBU 4 Silicon Junction - Single 220A +150 °C -55 °C 1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 121-9537
Mfr. Part No.DF01M
HK$1.735
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
Single Phase 1A 100V Through Hole DF-M 4 Silicon Junction - Single 50A +150 °C -65 °C 1.1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 122-0256
Mfr. Part No.KBP210G
HK$3.342
Each (In a Tube of 35)
units
Single Phase 2A 1000V Through Hole KBP 4 Silicon Junction - Single 65A +150 °C -65 °C 1.1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 823-2980
Mfr. Part No.KBP06G
HK$3.23
Each (In a Pack of 20)
units
Single Phase 1.5A 600V Through Hole KBP 4 - - Single 40A +150 °C -65 °C 1.1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 122-3253
Mfr. Part No.KBP04G
HK$2.368
Each (In a Tube of 35)
units
Single Phase 1.5A 400V Through Hole KBP 4 Silicon Junction - Single 40A +150 °C -65 °C 1.1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 823-4090
Mfr. Part No.GBU410
HK$7.958
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
Single Phase 4A 1000V Through Hole GBU 4 - - Single 150A +150 °C -55 °C 1V 50µA
RS Stock No. 823-2999
Mfr. Part No.KBP201G
HK$3.344
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
Single Phase 2A 100V Through Hole KBP 4 - - Single 65A +150 °C -65 °C 1.1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 751-4455
Mfr. Part No.HD01-T
HK$1.608
Each (In a Pack of 50)
units
Single Phase 800mA 100V Surface Mount MiniDIP SMD 4 - - Single 30A +150 °C -55 °C 1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 121-9635
Mfr. Part No.GBU406
HK$5.746
Each (In a Tube of 20)
units
Single Phase 4A 600V Through Hole GBU 4 Silicon Junction - Single 150A +150 °C -55 °C 1V 50µA