Bridge Rectifiers

Bridge rectifiers are discrete semiconductors as they have a single semiconductor device i.e. a diode and are the opposite of an integrated circuit semiconductor which has various devices on a single piece of semiconductor. The diode bridge circuit was invented in 1895 and Leo Graetz designed a similar circuit so they can also be known as a Graetz circuit or Graetz bridge.
A bridge rectifier is built out of 4 or more diodes that are arranged in a specific configuration: the namesake bridge. This diode bridge is able to convert an input of alternating current (AC) into direct current (DC), a basic function for most electronic devices. It also provides the same output polarity for either input polarity. These devices work with a two-wire AC input, have two diode drops in their design and offer full wave rectification.
Bridge Rectifiers are commonly used in power supplies that provide necessary DC voltage for the electronic components or devices and are found in various applications such as home appliances and white merchandise. Also such devices are popular with electronic hobbyists who enjoy constructing circuits.
Rectifiers are usually classified into single phase and three phase, and then split again into uncontrolled, half controlled and full controlled rectifiers. They come in various package and mounting types including screw mount, surface mount and through hole.
Advantages of Bridge rectifiers
• A high peak inverse voltage (PIV) which is ideal for high voltage applications
• A high transformer utilisation factor
• Constructed with or without a transformer – does not need a centre tap transformer
Disadvantages of bridge rectifiers
• More expensive than other rectifiers as it requires four diodes
• Not ideal when a small voltage is required to be rectified
Since bridge rectifiers are discrete devices, some of them need to be purchased along with other devices to achieve the desired functionality for which they are intended. For some engineering needs, the ability to purchase discrete semiconductors makes prototyping and production affordable.

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Description Price Bridge Type Peak Average Forward Current Peak Reverse Repetitive Voltage Mounting Type Package Type Pin Count Diode Technology Diode Type Configuration Peak Non-Repetitive Forward Surge Current Maximum Operating Temperature Minimum Operating Temperature Peak Forward Voltage Peak Reverse Current
RS Stock No. 687-5803
Mfr. Part No.GBPC5010 T0
HK$24.27
Each
units
Single Phase 50A 1000V Screw Mount GBPC 4 - - Single 400A +150 °C -50 °C 1.1V 10µA
RS Stock No. 169-9170
Mfr. Part No.GBPC5010 T0
HK$20.14
Each (In a Tray of 100)
units
Single Phase 50A 1000V Screw Mount GBPC 4 Silicon Junction - Single 400A +150 °C -50 °C 1.1V 10µA
RS Stock No. 145-2183
Mfr. Part No.VS-GBPC3512A
BrandVishay
HK$38.915
Each (In a Box of 100)
units
Single Phase 35A 1200V Screw Mount GBPC-A 4 Silicon Junction - Single 500A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 395-4455
Mfr. Part No.VS-GBPC3512A
BrandVishay
HK$52.44
Each
units
Single Phase 35A 1200V Screw Mount GBPC-A 4 - - Single 500A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 917-9017
Mfr. Part No.KBPC5010
HK$8.075
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
Single Phase 50A 1000V Through Hole KBPC 4 Silicon Junction Silicon Junction Single 500A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 10µA
RS Stock No. 687-5920
Mfr. Part No.RMB6S RCG
HK$2.801
Each (In a Pack of 20)
units
Single Phase 800mA 600V Surface Mount MBS 4 - - Single 30A +150 °C -55 °C 1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 171-1434
Mfr. Part No.KBPC5010
HK$9.731
Each (In a Box of 50)
units
Single Phase 50A 1000V Through Hole KBPC 4 Silicon Junction Silicon Junction Single 500A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 10µA
RS Stock No. 146-2277
Mfr. Part No.RMB6S RCG
HK$1.216
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
Single Phase 800mA 600V Surface Mount MBS 4 Silicon Junction - Single 30A +150 °C -55 °C 1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 905-6223
Mfr. Part No.SKD 62/16
BrandSemikron
HK$671.47
Each
units
Three Phase 150A 1600V Panel Mount G 36 7 Silicon Junction - Single 500A +150 °C -40 °C 1.8V 5mA
RS Stock No. 146-2210
Mfr. Part No.SBR3506
HK$10.704
Each (In a Box of 50)
units
Three Phase 35A 600V Through Hole SBR 5 Silicon Junction Silicon Junction Single 500A +150 °C -55 °C 1.2V 5mA
RS Stock No. 917-9023
Mfr. Part No.SBR3506
HK$12.794
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
Three Phase 35A 600V Through Hole SBR 5 Silicon Junction Silicon Junction Single 500A +150 °C -55 °C 1.2V 5mA
RS Stock No. 193-149
Mfr. Part No.VUO70-16NO7
BrandIXYS
HK$231.18
Each
units
Three Phase 70A 1600V Panel Mount FO T A 5 Silicon Junction - Single 600A +150 °C -40 °C 1.7V 500µA
RS Stock No. 168-4445
Mfr. Part No.VUO70-16NO7
BrandIXYS
HK$241.999
Each (In a Box of 10)
units
Three Phase 70A 1600V Panel Mount FO T A 5 Silicon Junction - Single 600A +150 °C -40 °C 1.7V 500µA
RS Stock No. 917-9010
Mfr. Part No.KBPC3510
HK$8.261
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
Single Phase 35A 1000V Through Hole KBPC 4 Silicon Junction Silicon Junction Single 400A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 10µA
RS Stock No. 905-6150
Mfr. Part No.SKD 51/16
BrandSemikron
HK$598.73
Each
units
Three Phase 75A 1600V Panel Mount G 51 5 Silicon Junction - Single 775A +150 °C -40 °C 1.45V 4mA
RS Stock No. 165-7122
Mfr. Part No.PB5008-E3/45
BrandVishay
HK$25.152
Each (In a Tube of 20)
units
Single Phase 45A 800V Through Hole PB 4 Silicon Junction - Single 450A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 165-2543
Mfr. Part No.VS-36MB160A
BrandVishay
HK$100.686
Each (In a Tray of 20)
units
Single Phase 35A 1600V Screw Mount D 34 4 Silicon Junction - Single 155A +150 °C -40 °C 1.3V 10µA
RS Stock No. 839-1111
Mfr. Part No.DDB6U145N16LHOSA1
BrandInfineon
HK$1,114.09
Each
units
Three Phase 145A 1600V Panel Mount - 6 - - Single 1.2kA +150 °C -40 °C 1.43V 5mA
RS Stock No. 165-5553
Mfr. Part No.DDB6U145N16LHOSA1
BrandInfineon
HK$1,143.90
Each (In a Tray of 4)
units
Three Phase 145A 1600V Panel Mount - 6 Silicon Junction - Single 1.2kA +150 °C -40 °C 1.43V 5mA
RS Stock No. 227-8823
Mfr. Part No.VS-36MB160A
BrandVishay
HK$114.24
Each
units
Single Phase 35A 1600V Screw Mount D 34 4 - - Single 155A +150 °C -40 °C 1.3V 10µA
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