Voltage References

Voltage references are electronic devices that provide a fixed voltage. They provide a constant voltage regardless of external factors like the load on the device or fluctuations in the power supply.


Voltage references have different characteristics depending on their purpose. Voltage references used in laboratory applications are designed to have extremely high precision and accuracy, whereas those used as regulators for computer power supplies are much cheaper but less precise. 


Types of voltage references

There are many different kinds of voltage references, generally categorised by type, tolerance, rated voltage, reference voltage and rated current. The most common tolerances are ±2%, ±1% and ±0.5%, but voltage references are available even up to ±40%. 


What are voltage references used for? 

Voltage references can be used for a variety of different precision measurement and control systems such as power supplies in personal computers and analog-to-digital converters. They are also used in scientific applications and in medical equipment where voltage variations need to be tested regularly. 


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Description Price Nominal Voltage Package Type Reference Type Initial Accuracy Mounting Type Topology Maximum Output Current Maximum Input Voltage Minimum Output Voltage Maximum Output Voltage Pin Count Line Regulation Load Regulation Dimensions
RS Stock No. 163-0923
Mfr. Part No.LM385BZ-2.5G
HK$2.449
Each (In a Bag of 2000)
units
2.5V TO-92 Fixed ±1.5 % Through Hole Shunt 20mA - - 2.5 V 3 - - 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.33mm
RS Stock No. 912-9911
Mfr. Part No.ADR3425ARJZ-R2
HK$21.277
Each (On a Reel of 250)
units
2.5V SOT-23 Fixed ±0.1 % Surface Mount Series 10mA 5.5 V 2.498 V 2.503 V 6 120 ppm/V 50 ppm/mA 3 x 1.7 x 1.3mm
RS Stock No. 155-6676
Mfr. Part No.LT1236AIS8-10#PBF
HK$49.472
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
10V SOIC Fixed ±0.05 % Surface Mount Series 10mA 40 V 9.95 V 10.05 V 8 6 ppm/V 40 ppm/mA 5.004 x 3.988 x 1.498mm
RS Stock No. 761-6356
Mfr. Part No.LMV431BIMF/NOPB
HK$8.782
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
1.24 - 30V SOT-23 Adjustable ±0.5 % Surface Mount Shunt 15mA - 1.224 V 1.259 V 3 - - 2.92 x 1.3 x 0.93mm
RS Stock No. 535-9559
Mfr. Part No.LM4040BIM3-2.5/NOPB
HK$8.848
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
2.5V SOT-23 Fixed ±0.2 % Surface Mount Shunt 15mA - - - 3 - 6 mV 2.92 x 1.3 x 0.93mm
RS Stock No. 535-9537
Mfr. Part No.LM4040AIZ-4.1/NOPB
HK$12.808
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
4.1V TO-92 Fixed ±0.1 % Through Hole Shunt 15mA - - - 3 - 7 mV 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.2mm
RS Stock No. 527-984
Mfr. Part No.TL431AILPE3
HK$1.464
Each (In a Pack of 25)
units
2.5 - 36V TO-92 Adjustable ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 3 - - 4.83 x 3.43 x 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 158-5253
Mfr. Part No.AD586MNZ
HK$110.706
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
5V PDIP Fixed ±0.04 % Through Hole Series 10mA 36 V 4.998 V 5.002 V 8 100 μV/V 400 μV/mA 9.27 x 7.24 x 3.43mm
RS Stock No. 709-5308
Mfr. Part No.ADR444BRZ
HK$75.66
Each
units
4.096V SOIC Fixed ±0.04 % Surface Mount Series 10mA 20 V 4.094 V 4.098 V 8 20 ppm/V 50 ppm/mA 5 x 4 x 1.5mm
RS Stock No. 517-2172
Mfr. Part No.TL1431CD
HK$3.44
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
2.5 - 36V SOIC Adjustable ±0.4 % Surface Mount Shunt 100mA 37 V 2.5 V 36 V 8 - - 4.9 x 3.91 x 1.58mm
RS Stock No. 162-9967
Mfr. Part No.LM385BZ-1.2G
HK$2.449
Each (In a Bag of 2000)
units
1.235V TO-92 Fixed ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt - - - - 3 - - 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.33mm
RS Stock No. 774-3486
Mfr. Part No.LM385BZ-2.5G
HK$4.424
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
2.5V TO-92 Fixed ±1.5 % Through Hole Shunt 20mA - - 2.5 V 3 - - 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.33mm
RS Stock No. 538-6573
Mfr. Part No.ADR03BRZ
HK$51.60
Each
units
2.5V SOIC Fixed ±0.1 % Surface Mount Series 10mA 36 V 2.498 V 2.503 V 8 30 ppm/V 70 ppm/mA 5 x 4 x 1.5mm
RS Stock No. 162-5820
Mfr. Part No.LM4040B25IDBZR
HK$9.506
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
2.5V SOT-23 Fixed ±0.2 % Surface Mount Shunt 15mA - - - 3 - 6 mV 2.92 x 1.3 x 1mm
RS Stock No. 533-8467
Mfr. Part No.LM4040AIM3-4.1/NOPB
HK$15.226
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
4.096V SOT-23 Fixed ±0.1 % Surface Mount Shunt 15mA - - - 3 - 7 mV 2.92 x 1.3 x 0.93mm
RS Stock No. 862-4922
Mfr. Part No.LM385BZ-1.2G
HK$4.136
Each (In a Pack of 25)
units
1.235V TO-92 Fixed ±1.0 % Through Hole Shunt - - - - 3 - - 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.33mm
RS Stock No. 162-4726
Mfr. Part No.LM385Z-1.2/NOPB
HK$2.743
Each (In a Box of 1800)
units
1.235V TO-92 Fixed ±2.0 % Through Hole Shunt 20mA - - - 3 - 20 mV 5.2 x 4.19 x 5.2mm
RS Stock No. 145-6840
Mfr. Part No.LT1634BCS8-1.25#PBF
HK$30.667
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
1.25V SOIC Fixed ±0.05 % Surface Mount Shunt 1µA - 1.25 V 5 V 8 - - 5.004 x 3.98 x 1.498mm
RS Stock No. 697-7754
Mfr. Part No.ADR435BRZ
HK$73.57
Each
units
5V SOIC Fixed ±0.04 % Surface Mount Series 30mA 20 V 4.998 V 5.002 V 8 20 ppm/V 15 ppm/mA 5 x 4 x 1.5mm
RS Stock No. 781-5553
Mfr. Part No.TLV431BSN1T1G
HK$2.426
Each (In a Pack of 20)
units
1.24 - 16V SOT-23 Adjustable ±0.5 % Surface Mount Shunt 20mA - 1.24 V 16 V 3 - - 3.04 x 1.04 x 1.01mm
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