Universal Asynchronous Receivers & Transmitters

Universal Asynchronous Receiver-Transmitter, more commonly referred to as UART, is a type of serial communication interface. UARTs primary function is to transmit and receive data via a data bus. It allows two devices, such as computers, to carry out data transmission over a wired connection. UARTs convert incoming and outgoing data bytes into a serial bit stream.

These particular UARTs are stand-alone integrated circuits (ICs). However, you can also find UARTs within microcontrollers (MCUs).

UART ICs (integrated circuits) are semiconductor devices which can be integrated into your electronics designs to enable UART communication. UART is a popular method of communication in electronics projects. It enables computer hardware to communicate with other modems and serial devices.

When choosing a UART IC, ensure that it meets the requirements of the modem transmission rate.

What does a UART consist of?

One side of the UART feature around 8 data lines and the control pins. The other side of the UART has two serial wires, the Transmission (TX) and the Receiving (RX).

Communication Standards

UARTs may feature a communication standard which defines the signals between devices. These standards include RS-232, RS-422 and RS-485.

What is baud rate?

UART baud rate is the speed at which the data is transferred which is given in bits per second (bit/s or bps). The devices that you are communicating between should both have the same baud rate.

What does Asynchronous mean?

Asynchronous is a type of serial communication where the interfaces at each end are not synchronised by a common clock signal.

What is USART?

USART is very similar in functionality to a UART device. However, it also offers the possibility of a synchronous mode.


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Description Price Number of Channels per Chip Standard Supported Transmit FIFO Receive FIFO Maximum Data Rate Transmitter and Receiver FIFO Counter Mounting Type Package Type Pin Count Typical Operating Supply Voltage Dimensions Length Width Height
RS Stock No. 190-6193
Mfr. Part No.MAX3100CEE+T
HK$41.366
Each (On a Reel of 2500)
units
1 IrDA, RS232, RS485 - - - - Surface Mount QSOP 16 2.7 5.5 V 4.98 x 3.99 x 1.65mm 4.98mm 3.99mm 1.65mm
RS Stock No. 797-4737
Mfr. Part No.SC16C2550BIB48,151
BrandNXP
HK$52.71
Each
units
2 UART 16B 16B 5Mbit/s Yes Surface Mount LQFP 48 2.5 V, 3.3 V, 5 V 7.1 x 7.1 x 1.6mm 7.1mm 7.1mm 1.6mm
RS Stock No. 165-9562
Mfr. Part No.MAX3100CPD+
HK$52.973
Each (In a Tube of 25)
units
1 IrDA 16B 16B 0.23MBd - Through Hole PDIP 14 3.3 V, 5 V 19.43 x 7.87 x 4.45mm 19.43mm 7.87mm 4.45mm
RS Stock No. 686-6067
Mfr. Part No.XR88C681CJ-F
BrandEXAR
HK$72.91
Each
units
2 - - - 1Mbit/s - Surface Mount PLCC 44 5 V 16.66 x 16.66 x 3.68mm 16.66mm 16.66mm 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 888-8729
Mfr. Part No.FT231XQ-T
BrandFTDI Chip
HK$18.14
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
- - - - - - Surface Mount QFN 20 - 4 x 4 x 0.75mm 4mm 4mm 0.75mm
RS Stock No. 170-4580
Mfr. Part No.XR16C850CM-F
BrandEXAR
HK$80.69
Each (In a Tray of 250)
units
1 IrDA, RS232, RS422, RS485 - - 2Mbit/s Yes Surface Mount TQFP 48 3.3 V, 5 V 7.1 x 7.1 x 1.05mm 7.1mm 7.1mm 1.05mm
RS Stock No. 847-2908
Mfr. Part No.XR16C850CM-F
BrandEXAR
HK$105.25
Each
units
1 IrDA, RS232, RS422, RS485 - - 2Mbit/s Yes Surface Mount TQFP 48 3.3 V, 5 V 7.1 x 7.1 x 1.05mm 7.1mm 7.1mm 1.05mm
RS Stock No. 170-4542
Mfr. Part No.XR16V554DIV-F
BrandEXAR
HK$72.56
Each (In a Tray of 160)
units
4 - 16B 16B 4Mbit/s - Surface Mount LQFP 64 2.25 → 3.6 V 10.1 x 10.1 x 1.45mm 10.1mm 10.1mm 1.45mm
RS Stock No. 913-4225
Mfr. Part No.ST16C2550CQ48-F
BrandEXAR
HK$45.18
Each (In a Tray of 250)
units
2 RS232, RS485 16B 16B 4Mbit/s Yes Surface Mount TQFP 48 2.97 → 5.5 V 7.1 x 7.1 x 1.05mm 7.1mm 7.1mm 1.05mm
RS Stock No. 686-6064
Mfr. Part No.XR82C684CJ-F
BrandEXAR
HK$158.30
Each
units
4 UART - - 1Mbit/s - Surface Mount PLCC 68 5 V 24.33 x 24.33 x 3.68mm 24.33mm 24.33mm 3.68mm
RS Stock No. 170-4579
Mfr. Part No.XR16L2750CM-F
BrandEXAR
HK$47.41
Each (In a Tray of 250)
units
2 IrDA, RS422, RS485 - - 6.25Mbit/s Yes Surface Mount TQFP 48 2.5 V, 3.3 V, 5 V 7.1 x 7.1 x 1.05mm 7.1mm 7.1mm 1.05mm
RS Stock No. 622-7964
Mfr. Part No.MAX3100CEE+
HK$44.75
Each
units
1 IrDA 16B 16B 0.23MBd - Surface Mount QSOP 16 2.7 → 5.5 V 4.98 x 3.99 x 1.55mm 4.98mm 3.99mm 1.55mm
RS Stock No. 170-4554
Mfr. Part No.XR28V382IL32-F
BrandEXAR
HK$29.35
Each (In a Tray of 490)
units
2 IrDA, RS232, RS485 128B 128B 3Mbit/s Yes Surface Mount QFN 32 3.3 V 5 x 5 x 0.95mm 5mm 5mm 0.95mm
RS Stock No. 700-4374
Mfr. Part No.XR17V358IB176-F
BrandEXAR
HK$144.01
Each
units
8 IrDA 256B 256B 25Mbit/s Yes Surface Mount FBGA 176 3.3 V 13.1 x 13.1 x 1.15mm 13.1mm 13.1mm 1.15mm
RS Stock No. 162-7083
Mfr. Part No.TL16C550CPTR
HK$19.395
Each (On a Reel of 1000)
units
1 - 16B 16B 1MBd Yes Surface Mount LQFP 48 3 → 5.25 V 7 x 7 x 1.4mm 7mm 7mm 1.4mm
RS Stock No. 686-5995
Mfr. Part No.XR16L788CQ-F
BrandEXAR
HK$305.83
Each
units
8 IrDA 64B 64B 6.25Mbit/s Yes Surface Mount PQFP 100 2.97 → 5.5 V 20.1 x 14.1 x 3.05mm 20.1mm 14.1mm 3.05mm
RS Stock No. 737-7843
Mfr. Part No.FT232HL-REEL
BrandFTDI Chip
HK$36.37
Each
units
1 RS232, RS422, RS485 UART - - 12Mbit/s - Surface Mount LQFP 48 1.8 V, 3.3 V 7 x 7 x 1.4mm 7mm 7mm 1.4mm
RS Stock No. 662-3921
Mfr. Part No.TL16C550CPTR
HK$35.68
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
1 - 16B 16B 1MBd Yes Surface Mount LQFP 48 3 → 5.25 V 7 x 7 x 1.4mm 7mm 7mm 1.4mm
RS Stock No. 913-4238
Mfr. Part No.ST16C554DIQ64-F
BrandEXAR
HK$72.39
Each (In a Tray of 160)
units
4 - 16B 16B 1.5Mbit/s Yes Surface Mount LQFP 64 2.97 → 5.5 V 10.1 x 10.1 x 1.45mm 10.1mm 10.1mm 1.45mm
RS Stock No. 687-7720
Mfr. Part No.FT2232HL
BrandFTDI Chip
HK$61.20
Each
units
2 RS232, RS422, RS485 - - 480Mbit/s - Surface Mount LQFP 64 - 10 x 10 x 1.4mm 10mm 10mm 1.4mm
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