MOSFETs

MOSFETs, also known as MOSFET transistors, stands for ’Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistors’. MOSFETs are transistor devices which are controlled by a capacitor. The "Field-Effect" means that they are controlled by voltage. The aim of a MOSFET is to control the flow of the current passing through from the source to the drain terminals. It acts very similarly to a switch and is used for switching or amplifying electronic signals.


These semiconductor devices are ICs (integrated circuits) which are mounted onto PCBs. MOSFETs come in a range of standard package types such as DPAK, D2PAK, DFN, I2PAK, SOIC, SOT-223 and TO-220.


What are depletion and enhancement modes?


MOSFET transistors have two modes; depletion and enhancement.
Depletion MOSFETs work like a closed switch. The current passes through when no current is applied. The current flow will stop if a negative voltage is applied.
Enhancement mode MOSFETs are similar to a variable resistor and are generally more popular than the depletion mode MOSFETs. They come in n-channel or p-channel variants.


How do MOSFETs work?


The pins on a MOSFET package are the Source, Gate and Drain. When a voltage is applied between the Gate and the Source terminals, current can pass through from the Drain to the Source pins. When the voltage applied to the Gate changes, the resistance from the Drain to the Source will change too. The lower the voltage applied, the higher the resistance. As the voltage increases, the resistance from the Drain to Source will decrease.
Power MOSFETs are similar to standard MOSFETs but they are designed to handle a higher level of power.


N-Channel vs. P-Channel MOSFETs


MOSFETs are made of p-type or n-type doped silicon.


  • N-Channel MOSFETS contain additional electrons which are free to move around. They are the more popular channel type. N-Channel MOSFETs work when a positive charge is applied to the gate terminal.


  • P-Channel MOSFETS substrate contains electrons and electron holes. P-Channel MOSFETs are connected to a positive voltage. These MOSFETs turn on when the voltage supplied to the Gate terminal is lower than the Source voltage.

Where are MOSFETs used?


MOSFETs are found within many applications, such as microprocessors and other memory components. MOSFET transistors are most commonly used as a voltage-controlled switch within circuits.



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Description Price Channel Type Maximum Continuous Drain Current Maximum Drain Source Voltage Maximum Drain Source Resistance Package Type Mounting Type Pin Count Maximum Gate Source Voltage Channel Mode Maximum Gate Threshold Voltage Minimum Gate Threshold Voltage Maximum Power Dissipation Transistor Configuration Number of Elements per Chip
RS Stock No. 545-354
Mfr. Part No.2SK4096LS
BrandSanyo
HK$8.50
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N 8 A 500 V 850 mΩ TO-220FI Through Hole 3 -30 V, +30 V Enhancement - - 2 W - 1
RS Stock No. 664-0171
Mfr. Part No.5LN01SS-TL-E
BrandSanyo
HK$1.41
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N 100 mA 50 V 20 Ω SSFP Surface Mount 3 -10 V, +10 V Enhancement - - 150 mW - 1
RS Stock No. 545-348
Mfr. Part No.2SK4089LS
BrandSanyo
HK$18.10
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N 12 A 650 V 720 mΩ TO-220FI Through Hole 3 -30 V, +30 V Enhancement - - 2 W - 1
RS Stock No. 664-0121
Mfr. Part No.3LN01SS-TL-E
BrandSanyo
HK$0.92
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N 150 mA 30 V 12.8 Ω SSFP Surface Mount 3 -10 V, +10 V Enhancement - - 150 mW - 1
RS Stock No. 664-0308
Mfr. Part No.MCH3420-TL-E
BrandSanyo
HK$3.44
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N 500 mA 100 V 2.5 Ω MCPH Surface Mount 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement - - 800 mW - 1
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Mfr. Part No.3LN04MH-TL-E
BrandSanyo
HK$2.32
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RS Stock No. 664-0386
Mfr. Part No.CPH5617-TL-E
BrandSanyo
HK$2.32
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N 150 mA 30 V 12.8 Ω CPH Surface Mount 5 -10 V, +10 V Enhancement - - 250 mW - 2
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Mfr. Part No.MCH6320-TL-E
BrandSanyo
HK$3.13
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P 3.5 A 12 V 215 mΩ MCPH Surface Mount 6 -10 V, +10 V Enhancement - - 1.5 W - 1
RS Stock No. 546-014
Mfr. Part No.MCH6412-TL-E
BrandSanyo
HK$3.03
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N 5 A 30 V 90 mΩ MCPH Surface Mount 6 -10 V, +10 V Enhancement - - 1.5 W - 1
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Mfr. Part No.2SK3705
BrandSanyo
HK$19.20
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N 60 A 60 V 13 mΩ TO-220ML Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement - - 2 W - 1
RS Stock No. 663-9367
Mfr. Part No.2SJ670-TD-E
BrandSanyo
HK$5.85
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P 1.5 A 100 V 745 mΩ PCP Surface Mount 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement - - 3.5 W - 1
RS Stock No. 545-083
Mfr. Part No.2SJ616-TD-E
BrandSanyo
HK$3.94
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P 6 A 30 V 147 mΩ PCP Surface Mount 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement - - 3.5 W - 1
RS Stock No. 664-0168
Mfr. Part No.5LN01M-TL-E
BrandSanyo
HK$1.41
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N 100 mA 50 V 20 Ω MCP Surface Mount 3 -10 V, +10 V Enhancement - - 150 mW - 1
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BrandSanyo
HK$6.65
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P 10 A 12 V 33 mΩ ECH Surface Mount 8 -10 V, +10 V Enhancement - - 1.6 W - 1
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Mfr. Part No.ECH8651R-TL-H
BrandSanyo
HK$3.64
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N 10 A 24 V 21 mΩ ECH Surface Mount 8 -12 V, +12 V Enhancement - - 1.5 W - 2
RS Stock No. 545-073
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BrandSanyo
HK$4.75
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P 6 A 20 V 98 mΩ PCP Surface Mount 3 -10 V, +10 V Enhancement - - 3.5 W - 1
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BrandSanyo
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N 6 A 450 V 1.3 Ω TO-220FI Through Hole 3 -30 V, +30 V Enhancement - - 2 W - 1
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P 100 mA 30 V 54 Ω SMCP Surface Mount 3 -10 V, +10 V Enhancement - - 150 mW - 1
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N, P 2 A, 3 A 60 V 133 mΩ, 295 mΩ ECH Surface Mount 8 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement - - 1.5 W - 2