Linear Voltage Regulators

A Linear Voltage Regulator ensures the output voltage from the circuit is maintained at a specific voltage.

The device acts as a variable resistor, continuously adjusting to maintain a constant output voltage. The regulated voltage must be lower than the input voltage. Simple voltage regulator contains a Zener Diode and a resistor but more complicated versions include elements like a voltage reference and error amplifiers.

A more specific type of regulator are Low Dropout Voltage Regulators (LDO) which can regulate voltage even when the power supply voltage is very close to the supply voltage.


How to choose linear voltage regulator ICs?


The primary feature in choosing a regulator is usually the Output voltage as the main purpose of one is to regulate the voltage to a specific value such as 3.3V. Its accuracy to this voltage across temperature and load current is another consideration as is its maximum load. The dropout voltage value will be particularly important with battery applications.


How to test a linear voltage regulator?


  1. Set your multimeter to the voltage setting
  2. Check the datasheet to determine which pins are the ground, input and output.
  3. Attach the red wire to the input and the black wire to the ground, the multimeter should give a reading higher than the regulators' output value. If not then there is a power supply issue.
  4. Attach the red to the ground and the black wire the output, the multimeter should then give the regulators' output value (plus minus its accuracy). If not then the regulator is likely to be faulty.

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Description Price Output Voltage Maximum Output Current Package Type Output Type Mounting Type Minimum Input Voltage Maximum Input Voltage Pin Count Power Rating Minimum Operating Temperature Maximum Operating Temperature Number of Outputs Polarity Accuracy
RS Stock No. 178-8831
Mfr. Part No.LM79L12ACM/NOPB
HK$6.299
Each (In a Tube of 95)
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-12 V 100mA SOIC Fixed Surface Mount -35 V -14.6 V 8 - 0 °C +70 °C 1 Negative -
RS Stock No. 516-5900
Mfr. Part No.MC79M12BDTG
HK$3.94
Each (In a Pack of 5)
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-12 V 500mA DPAK Fixed Surface Mount - -35 V 3 - -40 °C +125 °C 1 Negative ±4%
RS Stock No. 124-6450
Mfr. Part No.BA17805FP-E2
BrandROHM
HK$5.654
Each (In a Pack of 10)
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5 V 1A TO-252 Fixed Surface Mount 7.5 V 25 V 3 - -40 °C +85 °C 1 Positive ±4%
RS Stock No. 860-7286
Mfr. Part No.LM317BT
HK$4.068
Each (In a Pack of 10)
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1.2 → 37 V 2.2A TO-220 Adjustable Through Hole - 40 V 3 - -40 °C +125 °C 1 Positive -
RS Stock No. 759-1809
Mfr. Part No.ADP2108AUJZ-3.3-R7
HK$13.50
Each (In a Pack of 5)
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3.3 V 600mA TSOT Fixed Surface Mount 2.3 V 5.5 V 5 - -40 °C +125 °C 1 Positive ±2%
RS Stock No. 102-5750
Mfr. Part No.LM337LM/NOPB
HK$5.275
Each (In a Tube of 95)
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-37 → -1.2 V 100mA SOIC Adjustable Surface Mount -40 V -4.2 V 8 0.625W -25 °C +125 °C 1 Negative -
RS Stock No. 516-5809
Mfr. Part No.MC78M09CDTG
HK$3.348
Each (In a Pack of 5)
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9 V 700mA DPAK Fixed Surface Mount - 35 V 3 - 0 °C +125 °C 1 Positive -
RS Stock No. 103-5083
Mfr. Part No.NCP7805TG
HK$3.013
Each (In a Tube of 50)
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5 V 1A TO-220 Fixed Through Hole 7 V 35 V 3 - 0 °C +125 °C 1 - 4%
RS Stock No. 625-6316
Mfr. Part No.MC7812ABD2TG
HK$7.014
Each (In a Pack of 5)
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12 V 2.2A D2PAK Fixed Surface Mount - 35 V 3 - -40 °C +125 °C 1 Positive ±4%
RS Stock No. 100-3967
Mfr. Part No.LM317LZ/NOPB
HK$2.397
Each (On a Reel of 1800)
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1.2 → 37 V 100mA TO-92 Adjustable Through Hole 4.2 V 40 V 3 0.625W -40 °C +125 °C 1 Positive -
RS Stock No. 298-8508
Mfr. Part No.L7805ACV
HK$4.47
Each
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5 V 1A TO-220 Fixed Through Hole - 35 V 3 - 0 °C +150 °C 1 Positive 2%
RS Stock No. 516-4783
Mfr. Part No.LM317LZG
HK$3.29
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1.2 → 37 V 20mA TO-92 Adjustable Through Hole - - 3 - 0 °C +125 °C 1 Positive ±4%
RS Stock No. 533-8209
Mfr. Part No.LM317T/NOPB
HK$17.57
Each
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1.2 → 37 V 1.5A TO-220 Adjustable Through Hole 4.2 V 40 V 3 - 0 °C +125 °C 1 Positive -
RS Stock No. 168-4874
Mfr. Part No.UA78L05ACLP
HK$1.432
Each (In a Box of 1000)
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5 V 100mA TO-92 Fixed Through Hole 7 V 20 V 3 - 0 °C +125 °C 1 Positive ±5%
RS Stock No. 686-9397
Mfr. Part No.L7815CD2T-TR
HK$5.187
Each (In a Pack of 10)
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15 V 1.5A D2PAK Fixed Surface Mount - 35 V 3 - 0 °C +150 °C 1 Positive -
RS Stock No. 810-295
Mfr. Part No.UA78L05ACLP
HK$3.66
Each
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5 V 100mA TO-92 Fixed Through Hole 7 V 20 V 3 - 0 °C +125 °C 1 Positive ±5%
RS Stock No. 168-6572
Mfr. Part No.L7815CD2T-TR
HK$2.65
Each (On a Reel of 1000)
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15 V 1.5A D2PAK Fixed Surface Mount - 35 V 3 - 0 °C +150 °C 1 Positive -
RS Stock No. 179-2036
Mfr. Part No.LM340S-12/NOPB
HK$16.051
Each (In a Tube of 45)
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12 V 1A D2PAK (TO-263) Fixed Surface Mount 14.6 V 35 V 3 - 0 °C +125 °C 1 Positive ±2%
RS Stock No. 516-6212
Mfr. Part No.MC7912CTG
HK$5.05
Each
units
-12 V 1A TO-220 Fixed Through Hole - -35 V 3 - 0 °C +125 °C 1 Negative ±4%
RS Stock No. 533-5705
Mfr. Part No.LM317EMP/NOPB
HK$4.21
Each
units
1.2 → 37 V 1A SOT-223 Adjustable Surface Mount 4.2 V 40 V 3+Tab - 0 °C +125 °C 1 Positive -
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