Logic Gates

Logic gates are physical components in a circuit that control the flow of a signal by implementing a boolean function, processing a signal to binary information. Logic gates are foundational in logic circuits, or in any electronic circuit process that involves digital to analogue signal conversion, or the flow of digital information.

The RS components range offers semiconductor logic gates from leading brands, with input/output configurations to suit the demands of your digital circuit.

Types of Logic Gate

Logic gates have distinct logic functions. The most common of these are known as basic gates. These include:

• AND Gates. This gate has multiple inputs that are processed to a single signal depending on the
positive combination of high signals in the inputs. It will only produce a high signal if both inputs register as high. (e.g two ones will result in a one, otherwise it will have an output of zero.)

• OR Gates. Like the AND gate, an OR gate has multiple inputs and a single output. In this case, it does not require a positive combination of one signals, but will implement logical produce a high signal if one or all of the inputs are high. (e.g a one and a zero, or two ones, may produce a high signal, but two zeros will produce zeros.)

• NOT Gates. Also known as inverters, the NOT gates will process the signal as the opposite of its value (eg. a one will invert as a zero, and a zero will invert as a 1.)

There are also combined function logic gates that modify typical functions with an inversion.

• NAND Gate. Unlike an AND gate, NAND will process two high signals as a zero and all other combinations as a one.

• NOR Gate. Unlike an OR gate, this will produce a one if the inputs register a zero signal in any combination, rather than a high signal.

• Buffer Gate. A buffer logic gate behaves in the opposite manner of a NOT gate, in that it passes a signal unchanged from input to output.

There are also logic gates referred to as Exclusive Gates.

• XNOR (EX-NOR) Gate. These gates process a high signal if all input signals are true, e.g: if there are two one signals or two zero signals.

• XOR Gate. Unlike an XNOR, XOR performs exclusive dis-junction, which means it will only output a true signal if exactly one of the inputs are true.

Applications

As CPUs employ binary logic, logic gates are essentially the building blocks of computers. As such they can be found in many kinds of digital circuits. Though their essential functions remain unchanged, their implementations are many.

• Encoders
• Decoders
• Multiplexers
• Demultiplexers
• Full adders
• Half adders

...
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Description Price Logic Function Mounting Type Number of Elements Number of Inputs per Gate Schmitt Trigger Input Package Type Pin Count Logic Family Input Type Maximum Operating Supply Voltage Maximum High Level Output Current Maximum Propagation Delay Time @ Maximum CL Minimum Operating Supply Voltage Maximum Low Level Output Current
RS Stock No. 170-3418
Mfr. Part No.MC14081BDR2G
HK$0.91
Each (On a Reel of 2500)
units
AND Surface Mount 4 2 No SOIC 14 4000 - 18 V -4.2mA 100 ns @ 15 V, 130 ns @ 10 V, 300 ns @ 5 V 3 V 4.2mA
RS Stock No. 145-0462
Mfr. Part No.SN74LV02AD
HK$2.50
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
NOR Surface Mount 4 2 No SOIC 14 LV - 5.5 V -12mA 7.5 ns @ 5 V, 11.4 ns @ 3.3 V, 16.1 ns @ 2.5 V 2 V 12mA
RS Stock No. 775-7784
Mfr. Part No.74HCT1G32GW,125
BrandNexperia
HK$1.416
Each (In a Bag of 30)
units
OR Surface Mount 1 2 No TSSOP 5 HCT TTL 5.5 V -2mA 27ns 4.5 V 2mA
RS Stock No. 518-9164
Mfr. Part No.MC14081BDG
HK$4.08
Each
units
AND Surface Mount 4 2 No SOIC 14 4000 - 18 V -4.2mA 100 ns @ 15 V, 130 ns @ 10 V, 300 ns @ 5 V 3 V 4.2mA
RS Stock No. 146-0843
Mfr. Part No.74HCT1G32GW,125
BrandNexperia
HK$0.347
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
OR Surface Mount 1 2 No TSSOP 5 HCT TTL 5.5 V -2mA 27ns 4.5 V 2mA
RS Stock No. 178-7128
Mfr. Part No.74LVC1G08GW,125
BrandNexperia
HK$0.282
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
AND Surface Mount 1 2 No TSSOP 5 LVC - 5.5 V -32mA - 1.65 V 32mA
RS Stock No. 305-181
Mfr. Part No.SN74LS33N
HK$12.47
Each
units
NOR Through Hole 4 2 No PDIP 14 LS - 5.25 V -0.25mA 32 ns @ 5 V 4.75 V 24mA
RS Stock No. 178-4794
Mfr. Part No.MC14081BDG
HK$2.161
Each (In a Tube of 55)
units
AND Surface Mount 4 2 No SOIC 14 4000 - 18 V -4.2mA 100 ns @ 15 V, 130 ns @ 10 V, 300 ns @ 5 V 3 V 4.2mA
RS Stock No. 145-5920
Mfr. Part No.SN74LS33N
HK$9.048
Each (In a Tube of 25)
units
NOR Through Hole 4 2 No PDIP 14 LS - 5.25 V -0.25mA 32 ns @ 5 V 4.75 V 24mA
RS Stock No. 510-201
Mfr. Part No.74LVC1G08GW,125
BrandNexperia
HK$0.937
Each (In a Pack of 50)
units
AND Surface Mount 1 2 No TSSOP 5 LVC - 5.5 V -32mA - 1.65 V 32mA
RS Stock No. 688-1521
Mfr. Part No.MC14081BDR2G
HK$2.812
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
AND Surface Mount 4 2 No SOIC 14 4000 - 18 V -4.2mA 100 ns @ 15 V, 130 ns @ 10 V, 300 ns @ 5 V 3 V 4.2mA
RS Stock No. 663-2644
Mfr. Part No.SN74LV02AD
HK$3.21
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
NOR Surface Mount 4 2 No SOIC 14 LV - 5.5 V -12mA 7.5 ns @ 5 V, 11.4 ns @ 3.3 V, 16.1 ns @ 2.5 V 2 V 12mA
RS Stock No. 671-1848
Mfr. Part No.MM74HCT32MX
HK$3.199
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
OR Surface Mount 4 2 No SOIC 14 HCT - 5.5 V -4.8mA 20 ns @ 5 V 4.5 V 4.8mA
RS Stock No. 526-537
Mfr. Part No.CD4011BE
HK$3.014
Each (In a Tube of 25)
units
NAND Through Hole 4 2 No PDIP 14 4000 - 18 V -4.2mA 90 ns @ 15 V, 120 ns @ 10 V, 250 ns @ 5 V 3 V 4.2mA
RS Stock No. 662-9666
Mfr. Part No.CD4077BE
HK$3.632
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
XNOR Through Hole 4 2 No PDIP 14 4000 - 18 V -4.2mA 100 ns @ 15 V, 130 ns @ 10 V, 280 ns @ 5 V 3 V 4.2mA
RS Stock No. 144-9938
Mfr. Part No.CD4077BE
HK$1.867
Each (In a Tube of 25)
units
XNOR Through Hole 4 2 No PDIP 14 4000 - 18 V -4.2mA 100 ns @ 15 V, 130 ns @ 10 V, 280 ns @ 5 V 3 V 4.2mA
RS Stock No. 179-2125
Mfr. Part No.SN74AC08DR
HK$3.063
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
AND Surface Mount 4 2 No SOIC 14 AC - 6 V -24mA 7.5 ns @ 5 V, 9.5 ns @ 3.3 V 2 V 24mA
RS Stock No. 663-2509
Mfr. Part No.SN74LS32D
HK$4.596
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
OR Surface Mount 4 2 No SOIC 14 LS - 5.25 V -0.4mA 22 ns @ 5 V 4.75 V 8mA
RS Stock No. 166-2397
Mfr. Part No.MM74HCT32MX
HK$1.469
Each (On a Reel of 2500)
units
OR Surface Mount 4 2 No SOIC 14 HCT - 5.5 V -4.8mA 20 ns @ 5 V 4.5 V 4.8mA
RS Stock No. 662-7550
Mfr. Part No.SN74AC08DR
HK$2.505
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
AND Surface Mount 4 2 No SOIC 14 AC - 6 V -24mA 7.5 ns @ 5 V, 9.5 ns @ 3.3 V 2 V 24mA
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