BJT & Bipolar Transistors

A Bipolar Transistor or BJT (Bipolar Junction Transistor) is a solid state, three-pin device made from three layers of silicon. A BJT is designed to amplify current, bipolar transistors can also function as a switch. There are two main types of transistor, PNP (positive negative positive) or NPN (negative positive negative).
How a Bipolar transistor is made
A bipolar transistor is made by joining two signal diodes back to back creating two PN junctions connected in series, sharing a common P or N terminal. By nature, silicon does not normally conduct electricity well. However, when silicon is treated with certain chemicals or impurities we can make the material and electrons behave in a different way. This process is called doping. The doping process improves the semiconductors ability to conduct electricity.
What does a bipolar transistor do?
As we said before a bipolar transistor has two possible functions, switching, and amplification. Due to the devices three layers of doped semiconductor material, supplying the transistor with a signal voltage enables the discrete component to act as an insulator or a conductor. This clever change provides the transistors with two basic functions, switching (digital) electronics or amplification (analog) electronics.
Types of transistor
Transistors are available in panel, surface and through hole mounting options in plastic package or metal can versions. All have three terminals or pins, the Base, the Collector, and the Emitter.
Where are bipolar transistors used?
Transistors are one of the most widely used discrete components in electronic designs and circuits. Transistors are used for the amplification of all types of electrical signals in circuits made up of individual components rather than ICs (integrated circuits).

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Description Price Transistor Type Maximum DC Collector Current Maximum Collector Emitter Voltage Package Type Mounting Type Maximum Power Dissipation Minimum DC Current Gain Transistor Configuration Maximum Collector Base Voltage Maximum Emitter Base Voltage Maximum Operating Frequency Pin Count Number of Elements per Chip Automotive Standard
RS Stock No. 463-634
Mfr. Part No.MJE15032G
HK$11.102
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
NPN 8 A 250 V TO-220AB Through Hole 2 W 10 Single 250 V 5 V 30 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 102-2276
Mfr. Part No.MJE15033G
HK$9.986
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
PNP 8 A 250 V TO-220AB Through Hole 50 W 10 Single 250 V 5 V 30 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 806-1319
Mfr. Part No.PN2907ATF
HK$0.617
Each (In a Pack of 200)
units
PNP 800 mA 60 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 100 Single -60 V -5 V 100 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 170-3410
Mfr. Part No.TIP50G
HK$2.904
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
NPN 1 A 400 V TO-220AB Through Hole 40 W 10 Single 500 V 5 V 10 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 796-9694
Mfr. Part No.BC546C A1
HK$0.314
Each (In a Pack of 250)
units
NPN 100 mA 65 V TO-92 Through Hole 500 mW 420 Single 80 V 6 V - 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 803-1131
Mfr. Part No.BC556BTFR
HK$0.57
Each (In a Pack of 200)
units
PNP 100 mA 65 V TO-92 Through Hole 500 mW 110 Single -80 V -5 V 10 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 145-5501
Mfr. Part No.PN2907ATF
HK$0.236
Each (On a Reel of 2000)
units
PNP 800 mA 60 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 100 Single -60 V -5 V 100 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 168-6253
Mfr. Part No.MJE2955T
HK$4.483
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
PNP 10 A 60 V TO-220 Through Hole 75 W 5 Single 70 V 5 V 2 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 686-8045
Mfr. Part No.2SD882
HK$5.204
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
NPN 3 A 30 V SOT-32 Through Hole 12.5 W 30 Single 60 V 5 V 100 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 170-4150
Mfr. Part No.BC337-40 A1
HK$0.199
Each (On a Tape of 4000)
units
NPN 800 mA 45 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 250 Single 50 V 5 V - 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 166-3072
Mfr. Part No.BC556BTA
HK$0.206
Each (On a Tape of 2000)
units
PNP 100 mA 65 V TO-92 Through Hole 500 mW 110 Single -80 V -5 V 10 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 166-3709
Mfr. Part No.BCP54
HK$1.07
Each (On a Reel of 4000)
units
NPN 1.5 A 45 V SOT-223 Surface Mount 1.5 W 150 Single 45 V 5 V - 3 + Tab 1 -
RS Stock No. 761-9831
Mfr. Part No.BC556BTA
HK$0.462
Each (In a Pack of 100)
units
PNP 100 mA 65 V TO-92 Through Hole 500 mW 110 Single -80 V -5 V 150 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 169-8615
Mfr. Part No.BC550CBU
HK$0.239
Each (In a Bag of 1000)
units
NPN 100 mA 45 V TO-92 Through Hole 500 mW 110 Single 50 V 5 V 1 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 296-273
Mfr. Part No.MJ15004G
HK$37.94
Each
units
PNP 20 A 140 V TO-204AA Through Hole 250 W 25 Single 140 V 5 V 2 MHz 2 1 -
RS Stock No. 122-0070
Mfr. Part No.MJ15004G
HK$30.522
Each (In a Tray of 100)
units
PNP 20 A 140 V TO-204AA Through Hole 250 W 25 Single 140 V 5 V 2 MHz 2 1 -
RS Stock No. 464-221
Mfr. Part No.2N4401G
HK$1.00
Each (In a Pack of 200)
units
NPN 600 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 20 - 60 V 6 V 250 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 813-6700
Mfr. Part No.BUJ100LR,412
HK$1.801
Each (In a Pack of 50)
units
NPN 1 A 700 V TO-92 Through Hole 2.1 W 5 Single 700 V 9 V - 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 179-1079
Mfr. Part No.MMBT3904,215
BrandNexperia
HK$0.137
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
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RS Stock No. 773-7642
Mfr. Part No.BCP56T3G
HK$2.045
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
NPN 1 A 80 V SOT-223 Surface Mount 1.5 W 25 Single 100 V 5 V 35 MHz 3 + Tab 1 -
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