BJT & Bipolar Transistors

A Bipolar Transistor or BJT (Bipolar Junction Transistor) is a solid state, three-pin device made from three layers of silicon. A BJT is designed to amplify current, bipolar transistors can also function as a switch. There are two main types of transistor, PNP (positive negative positive) or NPN (negative positive negative).
How a Bipolar transistor is made
A bipolar transistor is made by joining two signal diodes back to back creating two PN junctions connected in series, sharing a common P or N terminal. By nature, silicon does not normally conduct electricity well. However, when silicon is treated with certain chemicals or impurities we can make the material and electrons behave in a different way. This process is called doping. The doping process improves the semiconductors ability to conduct electricity.
What does a bipolar transistor do?
As we said before a bipolar transistor has two possible functions, switching, and amplification. Due to the devices three layers of doped semiconductor material, supplying the transistor with a signal voltage enables the discrete component to act as an insulator or a conductor. This clever change provides the transistors with two basic functions, switching (digital) electronics or amplification (analog) electronics.
Types of transistor
Transistors are available in panel, surface and through hole mounting options in plastic package or metal can versions. All have three terminals or pins, the Base, the Collector, and the Emitter.
Where are bipolar transistors used?
Transistors are one of the most widely used discrete components in electronic designs and circuits. Transistors are used for the amplification of all types of electrical signals in circuits made up of individual components rather than ICs (integrated circuits).

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Description Price Transistor Type Maximum DC Collector Current Maximum Collector Emitter Voltage Package Type Mounting Type Maximum Power Dissipation Minimum DC Current Gain Transistor Configuration Maximum Collector Base Voltage Maximum Emitter Base Voltage Maximum Operating Frequency Pin Count Number of Elements per Chip Automotive Standard
RS Stock No. 125-0072
Mfr. Part No.MJE15030G
HK$10.95
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
NPN 8 A 150 V TO-220AB Through Hole 50 W 20 Single 150 V 5 V 30 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 544-9680
Mfr. Part No.MJE15030G
HK$11.84
Each
units
NPN 8 A 150 V TO-220AB Through Hole 50 W 20 Single 150 V 5 V 30 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 805-1056
Mfr. Part No.2N3904TFR
HK$0.528
Each (In a Pack of 200)
units
NPN 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 30 Single 60 V 6 V 300 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 124-1317
Mfr. Part No.2N3904TA
HK$0.293
Each (On a Reel of 2000)
units
NPN 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 30 Single 60 V 6 V 300 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 170-3540
Mfr. Part No.MMBT3904LT3G
HK$0.125
Each (On a Reel of 10000)
units
NPN 900 mA 40 V SOT-23 Surface Mount 300 mW 30 Single 60 V dc 6 V 100 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 103-2948
Mfr. Part No.MMBT3904LT1G
HK$0.149
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
NPN 200 mA 40 V SOT-23 Surface Mount 300 mW 40 Single 60 V 6 V 300 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 793-0753
Mfr. Part No.MMBT3904LT3G
HK$0.434
Each (In a Pack of 200)
units
NPN 900 mA 40 V SOT-23 Surface Mount 300 mW 30 Single 60 V dc 6 V 100 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 739-0442
Mfr. Part No.2N3904TA
HK$1.467
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
NPN 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 30 Single 60 V 6 V 300 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 842-8015
Mfr. Part No.2N3904BU
HK$0.304
Each (In a Bag of 1000)
units
NPN 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 100 Single 60 V 6 V 100 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 761-3511
Mfr. Part No.BD13916STU
HK$3.268
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
NPN 1.5 A 80 V TO-126 Through Hole 12.5 W 40 Single 80 V 5 V - 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 806-2750
Mfr. Part No.KSC3503DSTU
HK$3.185
Each (In a Tube of 60)
units
NPN 100 mA 300 V TO-126 Through Hole 7 W 40 Single 300 V 5 V 1 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 545-0343
Mfr. Part No.MMBT3904LT1G
HK$0.905
Each (In a Pack of 50)
units
NPN 200 mA 40 V SOT-23 Surface Mount 300 mW 40 Single 60 V 6 V 300 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 805-1043
Mfr. Part No.2N3904TAR
HK$0.487
Each (In a Pack of 200)
units
NPN 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 30 Single 60 V 6 V 300 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 843-1575
Mfr. Part No.2N3904BU
HK$1.077
Each (In a Pack of 50)
units
NPN 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 100 Single 60 V 6 V 100 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 145-4345
Mfr. Part No.BD13916STU
HK$1.21
Each (In a Tube of 60)
units
NPN 1.5 A 80 V TO-126 Through Hole 12.5 W 40 Single 80 V 5 V - 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 805-1059
Mfr. Part No.2N3906TA
HK$0.73
Each (In a Pack of 200)
units
PNP 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 60 Single -40 V -5 V 250 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 739-0375
Mfr. Part No.2N3906BU
HK$1.22
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
PNP 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 30 Single -40 V -5 V - 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 124-1348
Mfr. Part No.BC557BTA
HK$0.291
Each (On a Reel of 2000)
units
PNP 100 mA 45 V TO-92 Through Hole 500 mW 110 Single -50 V -5 V 150 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 124-1357
Mfr. Part No.MPSA42
HK$0.757
Each (In a Bag of 1000)
units
NPN 500 mA 300 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 25 Single 300 V 6 V 50 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 803-1068
Mfr. Part No.BC33725TAR
HK$0.608
Each (In a Pack of 200)
units
NPN 800 mA 50 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 100 Single 10 V 5 V 50 MHz 3 1 -